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How Much Do You Know About Veterans Day?
Veterans Day is celebrated on Nov. 11 because ", "explanation": "World War I, which was known at the time as "The Great War," officially ended when the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles outside Versailles, France. Fighting had actually ended seven months earlier, however, when an armistice between the Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. For that reason, Nov. 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of "the war to end all wars."", "hint": "", "answers": < "answer0": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "That's when the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I, was signed." >, "answer1": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "President Woodrow Wilson picked that day from a list of recommendations submitted by the heads of major veterans service organizations." >, "answer2": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Congress wanted the holiday to fall between Labor Day and Thanksgiving." >, "answer3": < "isRight": "right", "answerText": "None of the above." >> >, "quest2": < "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": "
Who first proposed that Armistice Day be renamed Veterans Day? ", "explanation": "In 1953, Alvin J. King of Emporia, Kan., proposed that Armistice Day be changed to Veterans Day to recognize and honor American veterans of all wars and conflicts. King came up with the idea after his nephew, John Cooper, was killed in action during World War II.", "hint": "", "answers": < "answer0": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Dwight D. Eisenhower" >, "answer1": < "isRight": "right", "answerText": "Alvin J. King" >, "answer2": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Douglas MacArthur" >, "answer3": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Harry S. Truman" >> >, "quest3": < "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": "
Veterans Day officially acquired its current name in ", "explanation": "In 1954, at the urging of veterans service organizations, Congress amended the 1938 law that created Armistice Day by striking out the word "Armistice" and inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With President Dwight D. Eisenhower's signature, the legislation became Public Law 380 on June 1, 1954.", "hint": "", "answers": < "answer0": < "isRight": "right", "answerText": "1954" >, "answer1": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "1956" >, "answer2": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "1958" >, "answer3": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "1960" >> >, "quest4": < "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": "
What flower is a symbol of Veterans Day? ", "explanation": "The story begins with the famous poem, "In Flanders Fields," written by John McCrae in 1915 ("In Flanders fields the poppies blow / Between the crosses, row on row"). In 1918 Moina Belle Michael, on reading McCrae's poem, pledged to always wear a red poppy as a sign of remembrance. Her idea spread, and in 1924 the Veterans of Foreign Wars launched its "Buddy Poppy" program to help disabled and needy veterans. ", "hint": "", "answers": < "answer0": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Forget-Me-Not" >, "answer1": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Lily" >, "answer2": < "isRight": "right", "answerText": "Poppy" >, "answer3": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Rose" >> >, "quest5": < "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": "
The motto of the Department of Veterans Affairs is "To care for him who shall have borne the battle." Who originally wrote these words? ", "explanation": "The line is from the final paragraph of Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address, which he delivered on March 4, 1865, as the nation braced itself for the final throes of the Civil War.", "hint": "", "answers": < "answer0": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Smedley Darlington Butler" >, "answer1": < "isRight": "right", "answerText": "Abraham Lincoln" >, "answer2": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Walt Whitman" >, "answer3": < "isRight": "wrong", "answerText": "Woodrow Wilson" >> >, "quest6": < "imageBrowse": "", "imageCaption": "", "imageCredit": "", "question": "
Veterans Day celebration in schools
In schools, teachers ask the children to prepare Veterans Day posters and bring them to school on the day preceding or following Veterans Day. Numerous schools organize Veterans Day parades on the occasion of Veterans Day.
Sometimes, school authorities organize small parties on the day and invite the war veterans living close by.
The war veterans share their brave stories of war and give inspirational Veterans Day speeches on the event. Students are also asked to write Veterans Day songs and thanks you quotes which they share with the veteran invitees.
We have collected some of the most touching and inspirational Veterans Day speeches for you guys. Do have a look at them and share your views about them.
The History of Veterans Day
Veterans Day is one of many patriotic holidays recognized in the United States of America. President Woodrow Wilson declared November 11, 1919 as Armistice Day, commemorating the temporary cessation of hostilities that occurred one year prior. That armistice is often recognized as ending “the war to end all wars,” though World War I wasn’t officially recognized by The United States Congress as ending until June 4, 1926. In 1938, Armistice Day was approved as a national holiday.
Honoring All Veterans:
In 1954 and post-World War II, Armistice Day became known as Veterans Day when President Dwight D. Eisenhower changed the name, proclaiming that veterans of all wars should be recognized on that day. For a while during the early 1970s, Veterans Day was not always recognized on November 11, but was celebrated during a three-day weekend much like those of Columbus Day and Memorial Day. However, this created high levels of confusion for many, so in 1975, President Gerald R. Ford signed a public law returning Veterans Day back to its originally intended date of observance on November 11.
Celebrating Veterans Day:
Celebrations held on the holiday vary, ranging from parades to town congress gatherings. It’s a sign of respect to fly the American flag, and, depending on your the state of residency, federal workers may be given the day off from work. Moments of silence are sometimes observed at specific events to honor those whose lives were lost in battle. It’s a time to observe and to remember those that have fought, those that are fighting and those that are planning to fight for our country. They have put and are still putting their lives on the line both physically and mentally to keep our nation free.
How you can help:
You can begin showing veterans our gratitude for all they’ve done by taking part in celebrations, not only on Veterans Day, but also on any and every day of the year. One way to do this is to donate your time to help organizations like the Vietnam Veterans of America in the aid of those who have served. Another is to donate any used goods that you no longer find useful to a local charity organization in your area. Many organizations accept donations of clothes, household items, furniture and vehicles. The list goes on and on, and so will your feeling of satisfaction in knowing you’ve helped those that have done so much to keep The United States of America a free country!
The Remembrance Poppy
In the spring of 1915, shortly after losing a close friend and fellow soldier at the Battle of Ypres, Lt. Col. John McCrae was moved by the sight of poppies growing in battle-scarred fields. Shortly after he himself performed the burial service, he composed his now-famous poem, “In Flanders Fields.”
In 1918, professor and dedicated volunteer Moina Michael was inspired by McCrae’s poem to wear the poppy as a symbol of remembrance. Over time, the symbol was adopted around the world, and we continue to wear it in honor of those who have made the ultimate sacrifice.
In Flanders Fields
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place, and in the sky,
The larks, still bravely singing, fly,
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the dead short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe!
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch be yours to hold it high!
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
Veterans Day (originally known as Armistice Day) is a federal holiday in the United States observed annually on November 11, for honoring military veterans, who are people who have served in the United States Armed Forces (that were discharged under conditions other than dishonorable).   It coincides with other holidays including Armistice Day and Remembrance Day which are celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I.  Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 when the Armistice with Germany went into effect. At the urging of major U.S. veteran organizations, Armistice Day was renamed Veterans Day in 1954. 
Veterans Day is distinct from Memorial Day, a U.S. public holiday in May. Veterans Day celebrates the service of all U.S. military veterans, while Memorial Day honors those who had died while in military service.  Another military holiday that also occurs in May, Armed Forces Day, honors those currently serving in the U.S. military. Additionally, Women Veterans Day is recognized by a growing number of U.S. states that specifically honor women who have served in the U.S. military.
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Throughout his schooling, McCrae kept his ties with the military and advanced to the rank of lieutenant in his hometown militia. He also was a member of the Toronto militia, The Queen’s Own Rifles, and became its commander and a captain.
Besides writing poetry, McCrae was the author of scientific articles, medical textbooks, and short stories. Throughout his life he made numerous, beautiful sketches of what he saw.
After his medical training, he was awarded a fellowship at McGill University but postponed enrolling to serve his country in the Boer War. He went to South Africa in 1900 as commander of D Battery of the Royal Canadian Artillery. Though he felt it was important to serve, he left the war disturbed by the poor treatment of the sick and wounded.
McCrae returned to Canada in 1905 and then took a position at the University of Vermont teaching pathology. Years later, when World War I broke out, he enlisted. In the fall of 1914, he was made brigade surgeon with the rank of major, second in command, and was sent to Belgium. Most Canadians and Brits entered Europe across the English Channel into the Flanders region of Belgium.
McCrae’s job was almost impossible. Some 5,000 men would die in just a short time. McCrae would later write, “I wish I could embody on paper some of the varied sensations of that seventeen days. … Seventeen days of Hades! At the end of the first day if anyone had told us we had to spend seventeen days there, we would have folded our hands and said it could not have been done.”
The death of a young friend, Lt. Alexis Helmer of Ottawa, was particularly difficult. On May 2, 1915, Helmer was killed when a shell burst at his feet. Because no chaplain was available, McCrae performed the burial ceremony for his friend and countryman.
Though there are several different accounts of how Helmer’s death inspired the poem, this is the one probably told most often. The day after burying his friend, McCrae sat on the back of an ambulance and poured out his grief on paper. Sgt. Maj. Cyril Allison, who was nearby as he wrote, later said, “The poem was exactly an exact description of the scene in front of us both. He used the word blow in that line because the poppies actually were being blown that morning by a gentle east wind. It never occurred to me at that time that it would ever be published. It seemed to me just an exact description of the scene.”
McCrae later threw away his poem, but fortunately it was retrieved by Lt. Col. Edward Morrison, a former newspaper editor. Morrison sent it to several London publications, and it was published by Punch magazine on Dec. 8, 1915.
Why did McCrae write about poppies?
Gardening experts tell us that poppies grow and thrive only in soil that is frequently disturbed. When McCrae wrote his poem, the tumult of battle had uprooted the whole front. Poppies were in bloom all over the Flanders landscape.
Like the blood spilled from thousands of soldiers, this poppy was red. The red corn poppy (Papaver rheoeas) was native to Europe and also was prominent in the Napoleonic Wars.
“In Flanders Field” became an instant favorite all over the world. It was particularly popular in Canada and the United States. Ads featuring lines from it helped raise $400 million for the war effort in Canada alone.
His poem went on to achieve immortality, appearing on Canadian $10 bills and a 1968 commemorative stamp. It inspired songs by Canadian composers Michael Roberts and Jon Brooks and the American John Philip Sousa. Proceeds from the sale of poppies were used to benefit disabled veterans.
In the United States, Moina Michael, a Georgia teacher and YMCA volunteer, was so taken with the poem that she wrote a poem in response titled “We Shall Keep the Faith.” It began:
Oh! you who sleep in Flanders Fields,
Sleep sweet—to rise anew!
We caught the torch you threw
And holding high, we keep the Faith
Michael resolved to make the poppy a reminder of McCrae and millions of others who lost their lives in war. She mounted a long campaign that led the American Legion to adopt the red poppy in 1920 as its symbol of remembrance.
McCrae did not live to see all this. In 1918 McCrae had been named consulting surgeon for the entire British army, but the war had left him weary and unhealthy. Late in January 1918 he developed pneumonia and meningitis. He died on Jan. 28 and was buried with full military honors at Wimereux, France, where poppies grow.
Published November 05. 2020 12:01AM | Updated November 05. 2020 9:04AM
Jim Streeter, Special to The Times
Next week, our country will celebrate Veterans Day, a national holiday established to honor and remember the men and women of our armed forces.
Veterans Day was first celebrated in 1919 for the purpose of honoring those who served in the armed forces of the United States during World War I. It was originally named Armistice Day to commemorate the ending of hostilities.
Interestingly, the armistice, or formal ending of the war, occurred at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Armistice Day became a national holiday in 1938 and, in 1954, at the urging of several U.S. veteran organizations, it was renamed Veterans Day.
Early this year, Joan Cohn, a volunteer at the Groton Public Library, with the assistance of Michael Spellmon, assistant director at the library, organized a special display for the library to recognize several local young servicemen who had lost their lives during the Vietnam War. The timing of the display was to coincide with National Vietnam Veterans Day, observed annually on March 29 since 2012, as part of the 13-year commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War. It was also the intent of the library to keep the display exhibited until after Veterans Day.
Joan Cohn, whose son, William P. Cohn Jr., was killed in action on Oct. 21, 1968, is a member of an alliance of women called “Gold Star Mothers.”
During World War I, it became a custom of families to display a small flag with a blue star for each family member in the Armed Forces and a gold flag for those who had lost their lives in combat. This custom, although not as widely acknowledged as before, continued through the Korean and Vietnam Wars.
Just as preparations were being made to assemble the display at the library, the coronavirus pandemic struck our country, causing closure to most public facilities. The library was closed to the public from March 13 through June 22 and, needless to say, the Vietnam War display was placed on “hold.” Shortly after the reopening of the library and, with the Nov. 11 Veterans Day holiday approaching, it was decided that it would be an appropriate time to finalize the assembly of the display recognizing local servicemen who lost their lives in the Vietnam War.
The display, which was set up just a few weeks ago, is comprised of photographs as well as biographic and military service background information relating to the following 13 men who had roots and close connections to the local Groton area.
William Paul Cohn, Jr., age 21, Sergeant — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on October 21, 1968, name appears on memorial at Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Peter Dean Hesford, age 25, Major — U.S. Air Force, Missing in Action (presumptive finding of death) on March 21, 1968, name appears on memorial at Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Richard Gill Desillier, age 22, Specialist Four — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on May 13, 1970, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park and Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Howard Clinton Robinson, age 20, Private First Class — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on October 27, 1966, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park and Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Loring McKenzie Bailey, age 24, Specialist Four — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on March 15, 1970, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park and Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Michael John Ryan, age 21, Specialist 5 – U.S. Army, Missing in Action (declared Dead While Missing), January 15, 1968, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
Karl Joseph Lavallee, age 20, Private First Class — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on May 21, 1971, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
Charles Edwin Bray, Jr., age 22, Specialist Five — U.S. Army, Non-Hostile Death (vehicle accident) on July 9, 1970.
Joseph Nicholas Davi, age 20, Private First Class — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on September 22, 1966, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
Johnny Lee Blount, Jr., age 21, Corporal — U.S. Marine Corps, Killed in Action on July 4, 1966, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
Donald Leon Braman, age 21, Specialist Four — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on January 2, 1963, his name does not appears on memorials at Groton Veterans Memorial Park or Old Mystic Vietnam Memorial Park.
Drew Fiedler, age 23, Sergeant — U.S. Army, Killed in Action on October 12, 1968, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
Richard Frederick Links, age 21, Private First Class — U.S. Marine Corps, Killed in Action on March 31, 1968, name appears on memorial at Groton Veterans Memorial Park.
The servicemen represented in the library display represent just a small number of the total of almost 58,200 men and women who were killed in Vietnam.
Although the library display focuses on those killed in Vietnam, we must never forget the close to 560,000 U.S. soldiers who have lost their lives in other wars and conflicts, including World War I, World War II, Korean War, Gulf War and the Global War on Terror (Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan).
As we celebrate Veterans Day, we must pay tribute to the millions of men and women who have served, or are still serving, in our United States armed forces. More important, please do not take their service for granted. If you have the opportunity, a quick “Thank You for Your Service” would mean so much to all of them.
Please, pay a visit to the Groton Public Library and review its veterans’ display.
Jim Streeter is the Groton town historian and the author the book “Remembering Our Veterans,” which documents more than 100 of Groton’s war and veteran memorials. He is an Army veteran with Vietnam service.
The Origins of Veterans Day
Fighting ended on the Western Front of the First World War on Nov. 11, 1918. Celebrations of the end of war soon turned solemn, in remembrance of all who were lost. Armistice Day, officially recognized by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1919, began to be observed throughout the world, honoring those who brought about the end of the “Great War.”
Armistice Day continued to be an important part of national identity and global memory, even as the world entered another war in 1939. In the aftermath of World War II, the day took on additional meaning. British Commonwealth countries adopted the name “Remembrance Day” or “Remembrance Sunday,” commemorating all soldiers who died, not just those of World War I.
In 1954, after the return of service personnel from both World War II and the Korean War, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill rededicating Nov. 11 as Veterans Day, encouraging Americans to commit themselves to the cause of peace and to honor America’s veterans for their courage, honor, patriotism and sacrifice.
Nov. 11 has always been an important date for the Museum and Memorial. The Memorial, then known as the Liberty Memorial, was originally dedicated on Armistice Day in 1926, with U.S. President Calvin Coolidge delivering the dedication speech to a crowd of 150,000 people – the largest crowd a U.S. president had ever addressed to that point in time.
The Memorial became a dynamic addition to Kansas City’s—and the nation's—cultural landscape, continuing to mark the Armistice and then Veterans Day after President Eisenhower rededicated the holiday. It has served as host to commemoration events ever since, including that for the Centennial of the Armistice on Nov. 11, 2018.
Memorial Day vs. Veterans Day- Difference Between the Two
Many people confuse Memorial Day and Veterans Day, and it is very important to know the difference between the two. According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Memorial Day is the day for honouring and remembering military personnel who passed away while serving their country, especially soldiers who died during a battle or passed away as a result of the wounds received during a battle. While soldiers who passed away during a battle are also remembered, Veterans Day is a specific day set to honour and thank the people who served in the military honourably, both during peacetime and wartime.